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Mini-dictionary
Oppdatert 18.05.2015

Not much of a dictionary, I'm afraid, but I do hope this will help you with the most common Norwegian words and abbreviations found in different old sources.
Make a printout if you like. If you miss any words here, please notify me by mail, and I will add them to the list below.
Due to the union we had with Denmark (1380-1814), most of the Norwegian words are very Danish-like. The spelling has gradually changed through the years
to more modern Norwegian. 

Email: post@gamlegjerpen.no.

Norwegian (Danish) English
aar years, - or year
af (modern: av) by
alder age
andre other (others)
apotheker pharmacist
arb. (arbeider) laborer
arbeidsmænd laborers
barn over 12 aar children (child) past 12 years old
barnedaab (modern: barnedåp), abbrebated dpt. baptism (christening)
begge both
begravelse burial
besovet slept with - having sex with
bg. (begravet) buried
bodde i /bodde på (paa)  lived in/lived at
bonde farmer
borgermester mayor
broder (modern: bror) brother
budeie milkmaid
canselliraad chancery-council
d. (datter)  daughter
d. (død) dead
d.a. (datter av ...) daughter of ...
daglønner (lønn=pay) day-worker
dito same as previous
dpt. (døpt) christened (baptized)
død etter ... dead after ...
død før ... dead before ...
døpt (old: døbt) christened (baptized)
e. (enke)  widow
e.e. (enke etter) widow after ....
eier owner
ekteskap (old: ægteskab) marriage
em. (enkemand) widower
emg. (emigrerte) emigrated (to America)
enke widow
enkemann widower
E-post E-mail
f. (født) born
F.f. (Faddere for ...) godparents for ...
farver-mester dyer-master
fattig poor
fattiglem poor or old person getting support or help
fattigunderstøttelse poor - support from the community
fepike cowgirl
fjøsarb. (fjøs-arbeide) cowshed-work
fjøsstell cowshed-work
flaademand log driver
Folketelling Census
Forkortelser Abbrevations
forlover(e) best man (men)-witnesses at an engagement.
forlovet engaged
forpakter (old: forpagter) renting the farm (same as "leilending")
fra from
fragtemand transporter (delivering goods)
g. (gift) married
g.br. farmer (farm-user)
g1g (gift 1. gang) married 1st time (with…)
Gjerpen Menighet Gjerpen Church
gaardsarb. (gaardsarbeide) farm work
gaardsgutt (gaards-dreng) farm hand
gaardsstell farm work
gaardbruker (old: gaardbruger) farmer (farm-user)
g.m. (gaardmand) farmer (farm man)
Gravstøtter Tombstones
grosserer wholesale merchant
Gj. Gjerpen
h. (hud/huder) - buckskins value of farm (old tax measure)
hf.'s mor (husfaders mor) mother of the house father
hjulmager wheelwright (wheeler)
hjulmagersvend wheelwright's mate
hus (huus) house
huseier house owner
husholderske housekeeper
husjomfru housekeeper ("house virgin")
husmann (huusmand) "Houseman", cotter, crofter
husmannsplass cotters farm
hustru wife
høker huckster
i in
ikke not
innerst/ inderst (leier rom) innermost (renting a room)
jernværk ironworks
jfru (abbr. jomfru) virgin
jomfru virgin
jordbr. (jordbruk) farm
justiceraad justice-council
kanselliraad chancery-council
kirke church
Kirkebok/Kirkebøker Parish record/Parish records
kirkesanger church singer
kjøkkenpike kitchen maid
kokkepike kitchen maid
kone wife
konfirmasjon confirmation
kontorbetj. (kontorbetjent) clerk
kontorchef office manager/head clerk
kjøbmand (modern: kjøpmann) storekeeper
laer (sjauer) loading and unloading ships
landhandler village shopkeeper
leil. leilending (leilaending) a farm leaser
lehnsmand/lendsmand sheriff/police sergeant
legdslem/lægdslem pauper
logerende lodger
losjerende (newer spelling) lodger
lændsmand sheriff/police sergeant
lærer teacher
maler (house) painter
mand (modern: mann) man
matros able seaman
menighed (modern: menighet) congregation
moder (modern: mor) mother
møller miller
n. (navnet)  named
nedenfor below
nevnt mentioned
nygift newly married
Nytt News/New
og and
oberkrigskommisær (over) war commissioner
oldermand master of a guild
ovenfor above
p. = pund  pound (weight - old measure)
Pekere Links
pige girl (also: unmarried woman)
s.a. (sønn av ....) son of ....
s.eier = selveier owner
saugmester (modern: sagmester) saw miller
se look
selveier owner
sk. = skind (1h = 12sk) calf skin (old tax measure for tax-value of farm).
Sk. Skien (The closest town to Gjerpen)
skipper-borger skipper-citizen
skibsdriver ship part-owner
skibsfører shipmaster
skibstømmermand ship's carpenter
skole school
skolelærer teacher
skomager shoemaker
skomager for egen regning shoemaker, selfemploid 
skredder tailor
skreddersvend tailors mate
smed blacksmith
smedmester blacksmith-master
snedker (modern: snekker) joiner
sogn parish
sognepræst til Skien. pastor in Skien
soldat soldier
sorenskriver district stipendiary magistrate
steddatter stepdaughter
stesønn stepson
stolmager  chair-maker
styrmand third officer (sailor)
svend (modern: svenn) journeyman (craftsman's mate)
svigerinde sister-in-law
svigermoder mother-in-law
svigersønn son-in-law
svoger brother-in-law
søefarende sailor
søemand (modern: sjømann) sailor
søster sister 
t. (tonner) barrel of grain(old tax measure)
tj.d. tjenestdreng (tiensetedreng) servant (male)
tj.p. tjenestepige (tienestedreng) servant (female)
tolder publican
toldkasserer publican cashier
trol. (trolovet) engaged
trolovet  engaged
tømmerfoged timber-bailiff
tømmermand carpenter
u. (under) under
ug. (ugift) unmarried
ugift unmarried/single
uk. (ungkarl) bachelor
vagtmester caretaker
ved at/ by
ved Fossum verk at Fossum ironworks
verfts - tømmermand shipyard's carpenter
vielse marriage
ægteskab marriage (old)
ekteskap marriage (modern)

Email: post@gamlegjerpen.no.